What are the similarities and differences between boeing 737 and airbus A320 ?

Similarities and differences…?

Among the biggest simmilarity is that they are two aircraft of the same class and in direct competition with each other. In terms of capacity here is how the models compete:

A318 vs 737-600
A319 vs 737-700
A320 vs 737-800
A321 vs 737-900

In all those cases Boeing has a slight edge on seating capacity. Also the Boeings are a little lighter. 737’s also have a slighty better seat per mile cost. In terms of sales, both are more or less equal, slightly favouring Boeing, except for the A321 vs the 737-900, where Airbus has outsold a bit more significantly. Boeing has however sold more 737’s than Airbus 320 family aircraft, due to sales of previous generation 737’s

The 737 was designed very low off the ground as it is adequate to operate out of unprepared airfields, where it can deploy its own inbuilt airstairs. The A320 family of aircraft sit much higher off the ground.

In terms of powerplants, Airbus gives its customers the great advantage of choice! They can chose between the CFM56 or the IAE V2500. While the 737’s all come standard with CFM56’s. Most Airbuses use the CFM56 engines so its fair to say both aircraft actually operate the same engine! This is not entirely true, since they operate different versions of the powerplant, but it is essentially the same engine.

Even though the 737’s have a better economy, there are lots of other factors, which count in the decision of which one to buy. If the airline already operates other Airbus types, such as the A330 or A340, then A320’s will fit in very well and they might save a lot of money on training, since the aircraft have almost identical controls. The conversion from the A340 to A320 is about a week! Boeing is trying to follow that too now, but still their types are not as common.

Well lots of technical differences obviously. But essentially the aircraft have very simillar performances. One notable difference is the Fly By Wire control system on the A320. The aircraft even trims itself! The 737 is a bit less automated and employs a standard control system.

Visually there are lots of differences and I hope you weren’t asking about them.

Hope this all helps a bit!

  • Physically they are very similar, being low wing twin jet engine passenger aircraft with seating for approximately 160 passengers. The fin shape is the easiest difference to spot at an airport, the Airbus one is straight lined at the leading edge and the Boeing one has a fillet on its leading edge. Generally the Airbus also has wing tip ‘vertical extensions’ and the Boeing does not.
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  • The Airbus A320 has two engine options IAEV 2500 and the CFM 56. While the Boeing 737 has a sole powerplant from the Series 300/400/500 and next generation 600/700/700ER/800/900/900ER. The 100/200 has Pratt Whitney JT8D engines.

    The 737 has sold more aircraft than the Airbus Family by really far.

    the 737-900ER has more range but the A321 can fit more passengers

    the 737 has much more bigger winglets
    both A320 and 737 have winglets

    A320 has longer legs

    737 have been out longer than the A320

    THE 737 is made in the United States

    While the A320 is made in Europe and assembled in Toulhouse France

    they are both narrow bodies

    and are both very ecconmical

    LCC / Low Cost Carriers tend to use the Airbus Industrie A320

    The A320 family is cheaper than the 737 to purchise

    the 737 has marginal trans alantic capibility while the Airbus A320 DOSE’NT have trans alantic capbility

    the airbus has a common air frame with A300/A310/A330/A340/A380

    While the Boeing has a common air frame with the 707/717 tanker transport not the DC-9 version/727

    the 737 has eyebrows which help for the visibility

    while the A320 family doesn’t

    • 5 years ago
    In addition to everything said above, I would add from a pilot who has flown both that I prefer the yoke control to the side stick, and comparing the Next Gen Boeing to The A320 series, the cockpit is roomier in the Airbus and has more creature features than the Boeing. Over all I would pick the Boeing. Just personal preference.
    • 5 years ago




    1)Both uses the same SNECMA CFM-56-7B engine producing 20,000LBS thrust

    AIRBUS A320

    Overall length 37.57 m. 123 ft. 3 in.

    Height 11.76 m. 38 ft. 7 in.

    Fuselage diameter 3.95 m. 13 ft.

    Maximum cabin width 3.70 m. 12 ft. 1 in.

    Cabin length 27.51 m. 90 ft. 3 in.

    Wingspan (geometric) 34.10 m. 111 ft. 10 in.

    Wing area (reference) 122.6 m2 1,320 ft2

    Wing sweep (25% chord) 25 degrees 25 degrees

    Wheelbase 12.64 m. 41 ft. 5 in.

    Wheel track 7.59 m. 24 ft. 11 in.

    metric imperial

    Engines two CFM56-5 or IAE V2500 two CFM56-5 or IAE V2500

    Engine thrust range 111-120 kN 22,000-27,000 lb. slst

    Typical passenger seating 150 150

    Range (w/max. passengers) 4,800 (5,700) km. 2,600 (3,000) nm.

    Max. operating Mach number (Mmo) 0.82 Mo. 0.82 Mo.

    Bulk hold volume – Standard/option 37.41 m3 1,322 ft3

    metric imperial

    Maximum ramp weight 73.9 (77.4) tonnes 162.9 (170.6) lbs. x 1000

    Maximum takeoff weight 73.5 (77) tonnes 162 (169.8) lbs. x 1000

    Maximum landing weight 64.5 (66) tonnes 142.2 (145.5) lbs. x 1000

    Maximum zero fuel weight 61 (62.5) tonnes 134.5 (137.8) lbs. x 1000

    Maximum fuel capacity 23,860 (29,840) Litres 6,300 (7,885) US gal.

    Typical operating weight empty 42.4 tonnes 93.5 lbs. x 1000

    Typical volumetric payload 16.6 tonnes 36.59 lbs. x 1

    • 5 years ago



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